The decision to build a New University Hospital in Odense harks back to a Danish political reform from 2007 which changed the local political landscape in Denmark. The Danish Government closed the political system in the counties and installed a larger regional system with Health Care as the main objective. A total of 13 County Authorities were discontinued and instead, the country was divided into five regions.
The decision was made due to the Danish Government wanted to improve the Danish Health Care by creating larger hospitals with better research facilities and in-depth medical specialities. A national reform was approved in summer 2007 which led to a complete survey of the Danish Health Care System.
In the fall of 2007, a Panel of Experts started assessing the Danish Health Care system and made several recommendations, in terms of how to improve the Danish Health Care System, with focus on the demands of future health care issues such as an advance in elderly patients due to a changing demographic. Subsequently the Panel launched a Quality Foundation with a fund of 41.4 billion DKK to be spent on new or modernised hospitals.
The five regions entered applications. In 2008, the project was initiated by the Regional Council announcing plans for a New University Hospital in Odense. Along with the new University Hospital in Odense two other projects, Kolding and Aabenraa, also received support from the Quality Foundation.